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Law - definition of law by The Free Dictionary complaint definition in law

6% of the time" Bose-Einstein statistics - (physics) statistical law obeyed by a system of particles whose wave function is not changed when two particles are interchanged (the Pauli exclusion principle does not apply) Boyle's law , Mariotte's law - the pressure of an ideal gas at constant temperature varies inversely with the volume Coulomb's Law - a fundamental principle of electrostatics; the force of attraction or repulsion between two charged particles is directly proportional to the product of the charges and inversely proportional to the distance between them; principle also holds for magnetic poles Dalton's law of partial pressures , law of partial pressures , Dalton's law - (chemistry and physics) law stating that the pressure exerted by a mixture of gases equals the sum of the partial pressures of the gases in the mixture; the pressure of a gas in a mixture equals the pressure it would exert if it occupied the same volume alone at the same temperature distribution law - (chemistry) the total energy in an assembly of molecules is not distributed equally but is distributed around an average value according to a statistical distribution equilibrium law , law of chemical equilibrium - (chemistry) the principle that (at chemical equilibrium) in a reversible reaction the ratio of the rate of the forward reaction to the rate of the reverse reaction is a constant for that reaction Fechner's law , Weber-Fechner law - (psychophysics) the concept that the magnitude of a subjective sensation increases proportional to the logarithm of the stimulus intensity; based on early work by E. H. Weber Fermi-Dirac statistics - (physics) law obeyed by a systems of particles whose wave function changes when two particles are interchanged (the Pauli exclusion principle applies) Charles's law , Gay-Lussac's law , law of volumes - (physics) the density of an ideal gas at constant pressure varies inversely with the temperature Henry's law - (chemistry) law formulated by the English chemist William Henry; the amount of a gas that will be absorbed by water increases as the gas pressure increases Hooke's law - (physics) the principle that (within the elastic limit) the stress applied to a solid is proportional to the strain produced Hubble law , Hubble's law - (astronomy) the generalization that the speed of recession of distant galaxies (the red shift) is proportional to their distance from the observer Kepler's law , Kepler's law of planetary motion - (astronomy) one of three empirical laws of planetary motion stated by Johannes Kepler Kirchhoff's laws - (physics) two laws governing electric networks in which steady currents flow: the sum of all the currents at a point is zero and the sum of the voltage gains and drops around any closed circuit is zero law of averages - a law affirming that in the long run probabilities will determine performance law of constant proportion , law of definite proportions - (chemistry) law stating that every pure substance always contains the same elements combined in the same proportions by weight law of diminishing returns - a law affirming that to continue after a certain level of performance has been reached will result in a decline in effectiveness law of effect - (psychology) the principle that behaviors are selected by their consequences; behavior having good consequences tends to be repeated whereas behavior that leads to bad consequences is not repeated law of equivalent proportions , law of reciprocal proportions - (chemistry) law stating that the proportions in which two elements separately combine with a third element are also the proportions in which they combine together law of gravitation , Newton's law of gravitation - (physics) the law that states any two bodies attract each other with a force that is directly proportional to the product of the cfyrllsf. complaint letter restaurantir masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them 5. law - the branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do jurisprudence , legal philosophy philosophy - the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics contract law - that branch of jurisprudence that studies the rights and obligations of parties entering into contracts corporation law - that branch of jurisprudence that studies the laws governing corporations matrimonial law - that branch of jurisprudence that studies the laws governing matrimony patent law - that branch of jurisprudence that studies the laws governing patents 6. law - the learned profession that is mastered by graduate study in a law school and that is responsible for the judicial system; "he studied law at Yale" practice of law learned profession - one of the three professions traditionally believed to require advanced learning and high principles law , jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order" traverse , deny - deny formally (an allegation of fact by the opposing party) in a legal suit disbar - remove from the bar; expel from the practice of law by official action; "The corrupt lawyer was disbarred" 7. law - the force of policemen and officers; "the law came looking for him" constabulary , police , police force personnel , force - group of people willing to obey orders; "a public force is necessary to give security to the rights of citizens" European Law Enforcement Organisation , Europol - police organization for the European Union; aims to improve effectiveness and cooperation among European police forces gendarmerie , gendarmery - French police force; a group of gendarmes or gendarmes collectively Mutawa , Mutawa'een - religious police in Saudi Arabia whose duty is to ensure strict adherence to established codes of conduct; offenders may be detained indefinitely; foreigners are not excluded Mounties , RCMP , Royal Canadian Mounted Police - the federal police force of Canada New Scotland Yard , Scotland Yard - the detective department of the metropolitan police force of London secret police - a police force that operates in secrecy (usually against persons suspected of treason or sedition) Schutzstaffel , SS - special police force in Nazi Germany founded as a personal bodyguard for Adolf Hitler in 1925; the SS administered the concentration camps law enforcement agency - an agency responsible for insuring obedience to the laws posse , posse comitatus - a temporary police force police officer , policeman , officer - a member of a police force; "it was an accident, officer"


noun 1. constitution , code , legislation , charter , jurisprudence Obscene and threatening phone calls are against the law. 2. the police, constabulary , the police force, law enforcement agency , the boys in blue (informal) , the fuzz (slang) , the Old Bill (slang) If you lot don't stop fighting I'll have the law round. 3. statute , act , bill , rule , demand , order , command , code , regulation , resolution , decree , canon , covenant , ordinance , commandment , enactment , edict The law was passed on a second vote. 4. rule , order , ruling , principle , standard , direction , regulation , guideline , decree , maxim , ordinance , tenet , dictum , precept the laws of the Church of England 5. principle , standard , code , formula , criterion , canon , precept , axiom inflexible moral laws 6. the legal profession, the bar , barristers a career in law lay down the law be dogmatic, call the shots (informal) , pontificate , rule the roost , crack the whip , boss around , dogmatize , order about or around traditional parents who believed in laying down the law for their offspring Related words
adjectives legal , judicial , juridicial, jural Quotations
"The end of the law is, not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom" [John Locke Second Treatise of Civil Government ]
"It may be true that the law cannot make a man love me, but it can keep him from lynching me, and I think that's pretty important" [Martin Luther King Jr]
"The law is a causeway upon which so long as he keeps to it a citizen may walk safely" [Robert Bolt A Man For All Seasons ]
"No brilliance is needed in the law. Nothing but common sense, and relatively clean finger nails" [John Mortimer A Voyage Round My Father ]
"Laws were made to be broken" [John Wilson Noctes Ambrosianae ]
"The Common Law of England has been laboriously built about a mythical figure - the figure of "The Reasonable Man"" [A.P. Herbert Uncommon Law ]
"We do not get good laws to restrain bad people. We get good people to restrain bad laws" [G.K. Chesterton All Things Considered ]
"The law is a ass - a idiot" [Charles Dickens Oliver Twist ]
"Written laws are like spider's webs; they will catch, it is true, the weak and poor, but would be torn in pieces by the rich and powerful" [Anacharsis]
"Law is a bottomless pit" [Dr. Arbuthnot The History of John Bull ]
"The one great principle of the English law is to make business for itself" [Charles Dickens Bleak House ]
"The laws of most countries are far worse than the people who execute them, and many of them are only able to remain laws by being seldom or never carried into effect" [John Stuart Mill The Subjection of Women ] Proverbs
"Hard cases make bad laws"
"One law for the rich, and another for the poor" Law Law terms  abandonee, abate, abator, abet, abeyance, able, absente reo, absolute, acceptance ( Contract law ), accessory or accessary, accretion, accrue, accusation, accusatorial, accuse, accused, the, acquit, action, actionable, act of God, adjective, ad litem, adminicle, administration order, admissible, adopt, adult, advocate, advocation, affiant, affidavit, affiliate or filiate, affiliation or filiation, affiliation order, affiliation proceedings or (U.S.) paternity suit, affirm, affirmation, affray, agist, alibi, alienable, alienate, alienation, alienee, alienor, alimony, allege, alluvion, ambulatory, a mensa et thoro, amerce ( obsolete ), amicus curiae, amnesty, ancient, annulment, answer, Anton Piller order, appeal, appearance, appellant, appellate, appellee, appendant, approve, arbitrary, arbitration, arraign, array, arrest judgment, arrest of judgement, articled clerk, assault, assessor, assets, assign, assignee, assignment, assignor, assumpsit, attach, attachment, attainder, attaint ( archaic ), attorn, attorney, attorney-at-law, attorney general, authentic, authority, automatism, aver, avoid, avoidance, avow ( rare ), avulsion, award, bail, bailable, bailee ( Contract law ), bailiff, bailiwick, bailment ( Contract law ), bailor ( Contract law ), bailsman ( rare ), ban, bankrupt, bar, baron ( English law ), barratry or barretry, barrister or barrister-at-law, bench, the, bencher, beneficial, beneficiary, bequeath, bequest, bigamy, bill of attainder, bill of indictment, bill of sale, blasphemy or blasphemous libel, body corporate, bona fides, bona vacantia, bond, bondsman, breach of promise, breach of the peace, breach of trust, brief, briefless, bring, burden of proof, capias, capital, caption, carnal knowledge, cartulary or chartulary, case, case law, case stated or stated case, cassation, cause, caution, CAV, Cur. adv. vult, or Curia advisari vult, caveat, caveator, certificate of incorporation ( Company law ), chamber counsel or counsellor, chambers, certification, certiorari, cessor, cessionary, challenge, challenge to the array, challenge to the polls, champerty, chance-medley, chancery, change of venue, charge, chargeable, cheat, chief justice, chose, circuit ( English law ), citation, cite, civil death, civil marriage, clerk to the justices, close, codicil, codification, coexecutor, cognizable or cognisable, cognizance or cognisance, collusion, come on, commitment, committal, or (especially formerly) mittimus, common, commonage, common law, commutable, commutation, commute, competence, competency, competent, complainant, complaint ( English law ), complete ( Land law ), compound, compliance officer, composition, compurgation, conclusion, condemn, condition, condone, confiscate, connivance, connive, conscience clause, consensual, consideration, consolidation, consortium, constituent, constitute, constructive, contempt, contentious, continuance ( U.S. ), contraband, contract, contractor, contributory ( Company law ), contributory negligence, contumacy, convene, conventional, conversion, convert, conveyance, convincing, coparcenary or coparceny, coparcener or parcener, copyhold, copyholder, co-respondent, coroner, coroner's inquest, coroner's jury, corpus delicti, corpus juris, Corpus Juris Civilis, costs, counsel, counselor or counselor-at-law ( U.S. ), count, countercharge, counterclaim, counterpart, countersign, county court, court, court of first instance, covenant, coverture, covin, criminal conversation, criminate ( rare ), cross-examine, crown court ( English law ), cruelty, culpa ( Civil law ), culprit, cumulative evidence, custodian, custody, custom, customary, cy pres, damages, damnify, dead letter, debatable, decedent ( chiefly U.S. ), declarant, declaration, declaratory, decree, decree absolute, decree nisi, deed, deed poll, defalcate, defamation, default, defeasible, defeat, defence, defendant, deferred sentence, de jure, delict ( Roman law ), demand, demandant, demisit sine prole, demur, demurrer, denunciation ( obsolete ), deodand ( English law ), deponent, depose, deposition, deraign or darraign ( obsolete ), dereliction, descendible or descendable, desertion, detainer, determinable, determination, determine, detinue, devil, devisable, devise, devolve, dies non or dies non juridicus, digest, diligence, diminished responsibility, direct evidence, disaffirm, disafforest or disforest ( English law ), disannul, disbar, discharge, disclaim, discommon, discontinue, discovert, discovery, disinherit, dismiss, disorderly, disorderly conduct, disorderly house, dissent, distrain or distress, distrainee, distraint, distributee ( chiefly U.S. ), distribution, distringas, disturbance, dividend, divorce from bed and board ( U.S. ), docket, documentation, Doe, domain, donee, donor, dot ( Civil law ), dotation, dowable, dower, droit, due process of law, duress, earnest or earnest money ( Contract law ), effectual, emblements, eminent domain, empanel or impanel, encumbrance, encumbrancer, enfranchise ( English law ), engross, engrossment, enjoin, enter, equitable, equity, escheat, escrow, estop, estoppel, estovers, estray, estreat, evict, evidence, evocation ( French law ), examination, examine, examine-in-chief, exception, execute, execution, executor or (fem.) executrix, executory, exemplary damages, exemplify, exhibit, ex parte, expectancy, expropriate, extend, extent ( U.S. ), extinguish, extraditable, extradite, extrajudicial, eyre ( English legal history ), fact, factor ( Commercial law ), false imprisonment, Family Division, felo de se, feme, feme covert, feme sole, fiction, fideicommissary ( Civil law ), fideicommissum ( Civil law ), fiduciary or fiducial, fieri facias, file, filiate, filiation, find, finding, first offender, fiscal, flaw, folio, forbearance, force majeure, foreclose, foreign, foreman, forensic, forensic medicine, legal medicine, or medical jurisprudence, forest, forfeit, forjudge or forejudge, fornication, free, fungible, garnish, garnishee, garnishment, gavelkind ( English law ), gist, goods and chattels, grand jury ( chiefly U.S. ), grand larceny, grantee, grant, grantor, gratuitous, gravamen, grith ( English legal history ), ground rent, guarantee, guardian, guilty, habeas corpus, hand down ( U.S. & Canad. ), handling, hear, hearing, hearsay, heir or (fem.) heiress ( Civil law ), heirship, hereditary, heres or haeres ( Civil law ), heritable, heritage, heritor, holder, homologate, hung jury, hypothec ( Roman law ), hypothecate, immovable, impartible, impediment, imperfect, implead ( rare ), imprescriptable, in articles, in banc, in camera, incapacitate, incapacity, in chancery, incompetent, incorporeal, incriminate, indefeasible, indemnity, indenture, indeterminate sentence, inducement, in escrow, infant, in fee, inferior court, infirm, in flagrante delicto or flagrante delicto, ingoing, inheritance, injunction, injury, innuendo, in personam, in posse, inquest, inquisition, inquisitorial, in rem, insanity, in specie, instanter, institutes, instruct, instructions, instrument, insurable interest, intendment, intent, intention, interdict ( Civil law ), interlocutory, interplead, interpleader, interrogatories, intervene, inter vivos, intestate, invalidate, in venter, ipso jure, irrepleviable or irreplevisable, issuable, issue, jail delivery ( English law ), jeopardy, joinder, joint, jointress, jointure, judge, judge-made, judges' rules, judgment or judgement, judgment by default, judicable, judicative, judicatory, judicature, judicial, judicial separation ( Family law ), judiciary, junior, jural, jurat, juratory, juridical, jurisconsult, jurisprudence, jurisprudent, jurist, juristic, juror, jury, juryman or (fem.) jurywoman, jury process, jus, jus gentium ( Roman law ), jus naturale ( Roman law ), jus sanguinis, jus soli, justice, justice court, justice of the peace, justiciable, justices in eyre ( English legal history ), justify, juvenile court, laches, land, lapse, larceny, Law French, Law Lords, law merchant ( Mercantile law ), lawsuit, law term, lawyer, leasehold, leaseholder, legist, letters of administration, lex loci, lex non scripta, lex scripta, lex talionis, libel, lien, limit, limitation, lis pendens, litigable, litigant, litigation, locus standi, magistrate, magistrates' court or petty sessions, maintenance, malfeasance, malice, manager, mandamus, mandate ( Roman or Contract law ), manslaughter, manus, mare clausum, mare liberum, material, matter, mayhem or maihem, memorandum, mens rea, mental disorder, mental impairment, merger, merits, mesne, ministerial, misadventure, mise, misfeasance, misjoinder, mispleading, mistrial, misuser, mittimus, monopoly, moral, moratorium, morganatic or left-handed, mortgagee, mortmain or (less commonly) dead hand, motion, moveable or movable, muniments, mute, naked, Napoleonic Code, necessaries, negligence, next friend, nisi, nisi prius ( history or U.S. ), nolle prosequi, nol. pros., or nolle pros., nolo contendere ( chiefly U.S. ), nonage, non compos mentis, nonfeasance, nonjoinder, non liquet, non prosequitur or non pros., nonsuit, notary public, not guilty, novation, novel ( Roman law ), nude, nudum pactum, nuisance, oath, obiter dictum, obligation, oblivion, obreption, obscene, obtaining by deception, occupancy, occupant, offer ( Contract law ), Official Referee, onerous, onomastic, on, upon or under oath, onus probandi, open, opening, ordinary, overt, owelty, oyer ( English legal history ), oyer and terminer, panel, paraphernalia, pardon, parol, Particulars of Claim, party, paterfamilias ( Roman law ), peculium ( Roman law ), pecuniary, pecuniary advantage, pendente lite, perception, peremptory, persistent cruelty, personal, personal property or personalty, petit, petition, petitioner, petit jury or petty jury, petit larceny or petty larceny, petty, place of safety order, plaint, plaintiff, plea, plea bargaining, plead, pleading, pleadings, portion, port of entry, posse, posse comitatus, possessory, post-obit, prayer, precedent, precept, predispose, pre-emption, prefer, preference, premeditation, premises, prescribe, prescription, presentment ( chiefly U.S. ), presents, presume, presumption, preterition ( Roman law ), prima facie, primogeniture, principal, private law, private nuisance, privilege, privileged, privity, privy, prize court, probable cause, probate, proceed, proceeding, process, process-server, procuration, procuratory, prohibition, promisee ( Contract law ), promisor ( Contract law ), proof, property centre, proponent, propositus, propound ( English law ), prosecute, prosecuting attorney ( U.S. ), prosecution, prosecutor, prothonotary or protonotary, prove, provocation ( English criminal law ), psychopathic disorder, public defender ( U.S. ), public law, public nuisance, public prosecutor, pupil ( Civil law ), pupillage, pursuant, purview, quarter sessions, queen's or king's evidence, question, question of fact ( English law ), question of law ( English law ), quitclaim, quo warranto, real, real property, rebutter, recaption, receivership, recital, recognizance or recognisance, recognizee or recognisee, recognizor or recognisor, recorder, recoup, recover, recovery, recrimination, re-examine, reference, refresher ( English law ), rejoin, rejoinder, relation, relator ( English or U.S. law ), release, relief, remand, remise, remission, remit, repetition ( Civil law ), replevin, replevy, replication, reply, report, reporter, representation ( Contract law ), reprieve, rescue, reservation, res gestae, residuary, residue, res ipsa loquitur, res judicata or res adjudicata, resolutive, respondent, rest, restitution, restrictive covenant, retain, retry, return, returnable, reverse, review, right of common, riot, rout, rule, ruling, run, salvo, saving, scandal, schedule, scienter, scire facias ( rare ), script, secularize or secularise, self-defence, self-executing, sentence, separation ( Family law ), sequester or sequestrate, sequestration, serjeant at law, serjeant, sergeant at law, or sergeant, servitude, session, settlement, settlor, severable, several, severance, sign, signatory, sine, sine prole, slander, smart money ( U.S. ), socage ( English law ), soke ( English legal history ), solatium ( chiefly U.S. ), sole, solemnity, solicitor, solution, sound, sound in, special case, special pleading, specialty, specific performance, spinster, spoliation, squat, stale, stand by ( English law ), stand down, statement, statement of claim, state's evidence ( U.S. ), statute law, statutory declaration, stillicide, stipulate ( Roman law ), stranger, stultify, submission, subpoena, subreption ( rare ), subrogate, subrogation, substantive, succeed, sue, sui juris, suit, suitor, summary, summary jurisdiction, summary offence, summation ( U.S. law ), summing-up, summons, suo jure, suo loco, surcharge, surety, surplusage, surrebuttal, surrebutter, surrejoinder, surrender, suspension, swear, swear in, swear out ( U.S. ), tales, tenancy, tenantry, tender, tenor, term, termor or termer, territorial court ( U.S. ), testament, testamentary, testate, testify, testimony, thing, third party, time immemorial, tipstaff, title, tort, tort-feasor, tortious, traffic court, transfer, transitory action, traverse, treasure-trove, trespass, triable, trial, trial court, tribunal, trover, try, udal, ultimogeniture, ultra vires, unalienable, unappealable, unavoidable, uncovenanted, unilateral, unincorporated, unlawful assembly, unreasonable behaviour, unwritten law, use, user, utter barrister, vacant, vacate, variance, vendee, vendor, venire facias, venireman ( U.S. ), venue, verdict, verification, verify, versus, vesture, vexatious, view, viewer, vindicate ( Roman law ), vindictive ( English law ), vitiate, voidable, voir dire, voluntary, voluntary arrangement, volunteer, voucher ( English law, obsolete ), wager of law ( English legal history ), waif ( obsolete ), waive, waiver, ward, ward of court, warrant, warranty ( Contract or Insurance law ), waste, will, witness, without prejudice, writ, writ of execution, wrong, year and a day ( English law ) Criminal law terms  acquittal, actual bodily harm, arson, bailment, battery, burglary ( English law ), deception or (formerly) false pretences, embrace, embraceor or embracer, embracery, entry, felon, felonious, felony, force, forgery, grievous bodily harm, hard labour, housebreaking, impeach, indictable, indictment, infamous, malice aforethought, misdemeanant, misdemeanour, penal servitude ( English law ), perjure, perjury, personate, Riot Act, robbery, suborn, theft, thief, true bill ( U.S. law ), utter Property law terms  abatement, abstract of title, abuttals, abutter, accession, ademption, administration, administrator, advancement, adverse, amortize or amortise, appoint, appointee, appointment, appointor, appurtenance, betterment, chattel, chattel personal, chattel real, convey or assure, deforce, demesne, demise, descent, devisee, devisor, dilapidation, disentail, disseise, divest, dominant tenement, dominium or (rare) dominion, easement, ejectment, enfeoff, entail, entry, equity of redemption, estate, fee, fee simple, fee tail, fixture, freehold, freeholder, heir apparent, heir-at-law, heirdom, heirloom, heriditament, hotchpot, intrusion, messuage, mortgagor or mortgager, oust, ouster, particular, partition, party wall, perpetuity, power of appointment, reconvert, remainder, remainderman, remitter, result, reversion, reversioner, revert, riparian, seisin or (U.S.) seizin, servient tenement, severalty, survivor, tail, tenure, transferee, transferor or transferrer, unity of interest, vested, vested interest, warranty Scots law terms  advocate, Advocate Depute, agent, aliment, alimentary, approbate, approbate and reprobate, arrestment, assignation, assize, avizandum, condescendence, continue, crown agent, culpable homicide, curator, decern, declarator, decreet, defender, delict, depone, desert, district court or (formerly) justice of the peace court, feu, feu duty, fire raising, hypothec, interdict, interlocutor, law agent, location, lockfast, mandate, multiplepoinding, notour, notour bankrupt, not proven, poind, poinding, precognition, procurator fiscal or fiscal, pupil, repetition, repone, sasine, sequestrate, sheriff officer, thirlage, tradition, tutor, wadset, warrant sale


noun 1. A principle governing affairs within or among political units: canon , decree , edict , institute , ordinance , precept , prescription , regulation , rule . 2. The formal product of a legislative or judicial body: act , assize , bill , enactment , legislation , lex , measure , statute . 3. Informal. A member of a law-enforcement agency: bluecoat , finest , officer , patrolman , patrolwoman , peace officer , police , policeman , police officer , policewoman . Informal: cop . Slang: bull , copper , flatfoot , fuzz , gendarme , heat , man (often uppercase). Chiefly British: bobby , constable , peeler . 4. A broad and basic rule or truth: axiom , fundamental , principle , theorem , universal . verb To institute or subject to legal proceedings: litigate , prosecute , sue . Idiom: bring suit. Translations قانون قَانُونٌ قانون عِلْمي القانون dret llei právo zákon zákoník lov =-lov jura Gesetz Recht Jura νόμος juro leĝo ley derecho laki sääntö kytät loi droit tribunal דין חוק zakon Jog törvény lög lögmál legge diritto giurisprudenza giustizia la sua parola legge 法律 법 ius lex autoritetingai tvirtinti būti linkusiam veikti nenuspėjamu būdu dėsnis įstatymais nustatyta tvarka įstatymiškas law and order likumā paredzētā kārtība likumi likums wet recht lov loven prawo reguła zasada lei direito drept lege закон право правило pravo zakon pravilo pravo zakon lag rätt regel กฎหมาย yasa kanun luật 法律 原理 定律 法令


[lɔː] A. N 1. (= piece of legislation ) → ley f
there's no law against it → no hay ley que lo prohíba
to be a law unto o.s. → dictar sus propias leyes
see also pass B9 2.
complaint definition in law

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Also found in: Thesaurus , Medical , Legal , Financial , Acronyms , Idioms , Encyclopedia , Wikipedia .


  (lô) n. 1. A rule of conduct or procedure established by custom, agreement, or authority. 2. a. The body of rules and principles governing the affairs of a community and enforced by a political authority; a legal system: international law. b. The condition of social order and justice created by adherence to such a system: a breakdown of law and civilized behavior. 3. A set of rules or principles dealing with a specific area of a legal system: tax law; criminal law. 4. a. A statute, ordinance, or other rule enacted by a legislature. b. A judicially established legal requirement; a precedent. 5. a. The system of judicial administration giving effect to the laws of a community: All citizens are equal before the law. b. Legal action or proceedings; litigation: submit a dispute to law. c. An impromptu or extralegal system of justice substituted for established judicial procedure: frontier law. 6. a. An agency or agent responsible for enforcing the law. Often used with the : "The law ... stormed out of the woods as the vessel was being relieved of her cargo" (Sid Moody). b. Informal A police officer. Often used with the. 7. a. The science and study of law; jurisprudence. b. Knowledge of law. c. The profession of an attorney. 8. Something, such as an order or a dictum, having absolute or unquestioned authority: The commander's word was law. 9. Law a. A body of principles or precepts held to express the divine will, especially as revealed in the Bible. b. The first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures. 10. A code of principles based on morality, conscience, or nature. 11. a. A rule or custom generally established in a particular domain: the unwritten laws of good sportsmanship. b. A way of life: the law of the jungle. 12. a. A statement describing a relationship observed to be invariable between or among phenomena for all cases in which the specified conditions are met: the law of gravity. b. A generalization based on consistent experience or results: the law of supply and demand. 13. Mathematics A general principle or rule that is assumed or that has been proven to hold between expressions. 14. A principle of organization, procedure, or technique: the laws of grammar; the laws of visual perspective. Idioms: a law unto (oneself) A totally independent operator: An executive who is a law unto herself. take the law into (one's) own hands To mete out justice as one sees fit without due recourse to law enforcement agencies or the courts. [Middle English, from Old English lagu , from Old Norse *lagu , variant of lag , that which is laid down ; see legh- in Indo-European roots .]


( lɔː ) n 1. (Law) a rule or set of rules, enforceable by the courts, regulating the government of a state, the relationship between the organs of government and the subjects of the state, and the relationship or conduct of subjects towards each other 2. (Law) a. a rule or body of rules made by the legislature. See statute law b. a rule or body of rules made by a municipal or other authority. See bylaw 3. (Law) a. the condition and control enforced by such rules b. ( in combination ): lawcourt . 4. a rule of conduct: a law of etiquette . 5. one of a set of rules governing a particular field of activity: the laws of tennis . 6. (Law) the legal or judicial system 7. (Law) the profession or practice of law 8. informal the police or a policeman 9. a binding force or statement: his word is law . 10. Also called: law of nature a generalization based on a recurring fact or event 11. (Law) the science or knowledge of law; jurisprudence 12. (Law) the principles originating and formerly applied only in courts of common law. Compare equity 3 13. a general principle, formula, or rule describing a phenomenon in mathematics, science, philosophy, etc: the laws of thermodynamics . 14. (Judaism) the Law ( capital ) Judaism a. short for Law of Moses b. the English term for Torah See also Oral Law , Written Law 15. a law unto itself a law unto himself a person or thing that is outside established laws 16. (Law) go to law to resort to legal proceedings on some matter 17. lay down the law to speak in an authoritative or dogmatic manner 18. (Judaism) reading the Law reading of the Law Judaism that part of the morning service on Sabbaths, festivals, and Mondays and Thursdays during which a passage is read from the Torah scrolls 19. take the law into one's own hands to ignore or bypass the law when redressing a grievance [Old English lagu, from Scandinavian; compare Icelandic lög (pl) things laid down, law]


( lɔː ) n (Physical Geography) Scot a hill, esp one rounded in shape [Old English hlǣw ]


( lɔː ) adj a Scot word for low 1


( lɔː ) n 1. (Biography) Andrew Bonar (ˈbɒnə). 1858–1923, British Conservative statesman, born in Canada; prime minister (1922–23) 2. (Biography) Denis. born 1940, Scottish footballer; a striker, he played for Manchester United (1962–73) and Scotland (30 goals in 55 games, 1958–74); European Footballer of the Year (1964) 3. (Biography) John. 1671–1729, Scottish financier. He founded the first bank in France (1716) and the Mississippi Scheme for the development of Louisiana (1717), which collapsed due to excessive speculation 4. (Biography) Jude. born 1972, British film actor, who starred in The Talented Mr Ripley (1999), Cold Mountain (2003), and Sherlock Holmes (2009) 5. (Biography) William. 1686–1761, British Anglican divine, best known for A Serious Call to a Holy and Devout Life (1728)


n. 1. the principles and regulations established by a government or other authority and applicable to a people, whether by legislation or by custom enforced by judicial decision. 2. any written or positive rule or collection of rules prescribed under the authority of the state or nation, as by the people in its constitution. 3. a system or collection of such rules. 4. the condition of society brought about by observance of such rules: maintaining law and order. 5. the field of knowledge concerned with these rules; jurisprudence: to study law. 6. the body of such rules concerned with a particular subject: commercial law; tax law. 7. an act of the highest legislative body of a state or nation. 8. the profession that deals with law and legal procedure: to practice law. 9. legal action; litigation: to go to law. 10. an agent or agency that enforces the law, esp. the police: The law arrived to quell the riot. 11. any rule or injunction that must be obeyed. 12. a rule or principle of proper conduct sanctioned by conscience, concepts of natural justice, or the will of a deity: a moral law. 13. a rule or manner of behavior that is instinctive or spontaneous: the law of self-preservation. 14. (in philosophy, science, etc.) a. a statement of a relation or sequence of phenomena invariable under the same conditions. b. a mathematical rule. 15. a principle based on the predictable consequences of an act, condition, etc.: the law of supply and demand. 16. a rule, principle, or convention regarded as governing the structure or the relationship of an element in the structure of something, as of a language or work of art: the laws of grammar. 17. a commandment or a revelation from God. 18. ( sometimes cap. ) a divinely appointed order or system. 19. the Law, Law of Moses. 20. the preceptive part of the Bible, esp. of the New Testament, in contradistinction to its promises: the law of Christ. v.i. 21. to institute legal action; sue. v.t. 22. Chiefly Dial. to sue or prosecute. Idioms: 1. be a law to or unto oneself, to act independently or unconventionally, esp. without regard for established mores. 2. lay down the law, to issue orders imperiously. 3. take the law into one's own hands, to administer justice as one sees fit without recourse to legal processes. [before 1000; Middle English law(e), lagh(e), Old English lagu < Old Norse *lagu, early pl. of lag layer, laying in order]



n. John, 1671–1729, Scottish financier.


(lô) A statement that describes what will happen in all cases under a specified set of conditions. Laws describe an invariable relationship among phenomena. Boyle's law, for instance, describes what will happen to the volume of a gas if its pressure changes and its temperature remains the same. See Note at hypothesis .


See also crime ; government
allograph a signature of a proxy, one who is not party to the transaction at hand. — allographic, adj . angary the right of a nation at war to destroy the property of a neutral, subject to indemnification. anomie , anomy , anomia a state or condition of individuals or society characterized by an absence or breakdown of social and legal norms and values, as in the case of an uprooted people. — anomic, adj . antinomia , antinomy a real or apparent contradiction in a statute. — antinomic, antinomian, adj . antinomianism the theological doctrine maintaining that Christians are freed from both moral and civil law by God’s gift of grace. — antinomian, antinomist, n . asseveration the solemn affirmation of the truth of a statement. — asseverator, n . — asseverative, adj . avowtry the crime of adultery. barratry the offense of frequently exciting or stirring up suits and quarrels between others. — barrator, n . — barratrous, adj . battery an intentional act that, directly or indirectly, causes harmful contact with another’s person. caveat a legal notice to beware; a notice placed on file until the caveator can be heard. — caveator, n . — caveatee, n . civilist a person who studies civil law. compurgation formerly, in common law, acquittal on the basis of endorsement by the friends or neighbors of the accused. Also called trial by wager of law. — compurgator, n . — compurgatory, adj . compurgator one who testifies to the innocence of an accused person. constructionist a person who puts a particular interpretation on provisions of the U.S. Constitution, especially those provisions dealing with the rights of individuals and states. coverture the status of a married woman. criminalism an act or action having the character of a crime. Also criminality. — criminal, n ., adj . culpability 1. the condition of blameworthiness, criminality, censurability.
2. Obsolete, guilt. — culpable, adj . delinquency a condition of guilt; failure to do that which the law or other obligation requires. See also finance . — delinquent, adj . dicealolgy Obsolete, a delineation of jurisdiction. dikephobia an abnormal fear or dislike of justice. disherison Archaic . 1. the act of disinheriting.
2. the condition of being disinherited. Draconianism any unreasonable harshness or severity in laws. — Draconian, Draconic, adj . easement the right one landowner has been granted over the land of another, as the right of access to water, right of way, etc., at no charge. feudist 1. a specialist in law relating to the feudal system.
2. a person who holds or Iets land under the provisions of the feudal system. fiduciary a person to whom property or power is entrusted for the benefit of another. — fiducial, fiduciary, adj . jurisprudence 1. law as a science or philosophy.
2. a system of laws or a particular branch of law. — jurisprudent, adj . Justinianist an expert on the codification and revision of Roman laws ordered by the 6th-century Byzantine emperor Justinian. — Justinian code, n . legalese language typical of lawyers, laws, legal forms, etc., characterized by archaic usage, prolixity, redundancy and extreme thoroughness. legalism a strict and usually literal adherence to the law. — legalistic, adj . legist a person who is skilled or well versed in law. litigiomania a compulsion for involving oneself in legal disputes. nomism the practice of religious legalism, especially the basing of standards of good actions upon the moral law. nomocracy a system of government based on a legal code. nomography 1. the art of drafting laws.
2. a treatise on the drawing up of laws. — nomographer, n . — nomographic, adj . nomology the science of law. — nomologist, n . — nomological, adj . nonage the state of being under the age required by law to enter into certain responsibilities or obligations, as marrying, entering into contracts, etc. See also church ; property and ownership . pandect , pandects a legal code or complete body or system of laws. pandectist 1. the writer of a complete code of the laws of a country.
2. the writer of a complete digest of materials on a subject. pettifogger 1. a lawyer whose practice is of a small or petty character; a lawyer of little importance.
2. a shyster lawyer. — pettifoggery, n . postremogeniture the rights or legal status of the last child bom in a family. Also called ultimogeniture. Cf. primogeniture. primogeniture the rights or legal status of the first born in a family. Cf. postremogeniture. publicist an expert in public or international law. revisionism the advocacy of revision, especially in relation to court decisions. — revisionist, n . — revisionary, adj . squatterism 1. the state or practice of being a squatter, or one who settles on government land, thereby establishing ownership.
2. the state or practice of settling in vacant or abandoned property, either for shelter or in an attempt to establish ownership. — squatter, n . symbolaeography the drawing up of legal documents. — symbolaeographer, n . ultimogeniture postremogeniture. vassalage 1. the condition of land tenure of a vassal.
2. the fief or lands held.




Corpuses, statutes, rights and equities are passed on like congenital disease —Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Exact laws, like all the other ultimates and absolutes, are as fabulous as the crock of gold at the rainbow’s end —G. N. Lewis Going to law is like skinning a new milk cow for the hide, and giving the meat to the lawyers —Josh Billings

The original in Billings’ popular dialect form reads as follows: “Going tew law iz like skinning a new milch … .tew the lawyers.”

Great cases like hard cases make bad law —Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.

Justice Holmes expanded on his simile as follows: “For great cases are called great not by reason of their real importance in shaping the law of the future but because of some accident of immediate overwhelming interest which appeals to the feelings and distorts the judgment.”

Law is a bottomless pit —John Arbuthnot

Arbuthnot continues as follows: “It is a cormorant, a harpy that devours everything!”

Law is a form of order, and good law must necessarily mean good order —Aristotle The law is a sort of hocus-pocus science, that smiles in your face while it picks your pocket —Charles Macklin The law is like apparel which alters with the time —Sir John Doddridge Law is like pregnancy, a little of either being a dangerous thing —Robert Traver The law often dances like an old fishwife in wooden shoes, with little grace and less dispatch —George Garrett

In Garrett’s historical novel, Death of the Fox , this simile is voiced by Sir Francis Bacon.

Laws and institutions … like clocks, they must be occasionally cleansed, and wound up, and set to true time —Henry Ward Beecher (Written) laws are like spiders’ webs; they hold the weak and delicate who might be caught in their meshes, but are torn in pieces by the rich and powerful —Anarchis

The spiders’ web comparison to the law has been much used and modified. Here are some examples: “Laws, like cobwebs, entangle the weak, but are broken by the strong;” “Laws are like spiders’ webs, so that the great buzzing bees break through, and the little feeble flies hang fast in them” (Henry Smith); “Laws are like cobwebs, which may catch small flies, but let wasps and hornets break through” (Jonathan Swift); “Laws, like cobwebs, catch small flies, great ones break through before your eyes” (Benjamin Franklin); “Laws, like the spider’s web, catch the fly and let the hawk go free” (Spanish proverb).

Law should be like death, which spares no one —Charles de Secondat Montesquieu Laws, like houses, lean on one another —Edmund Burke Laws should be like clothes. They should fit the people they are meant to serve —Clarence Darrow Laws wise as nature, and as fixed as fate —Alexander Pope Legal as a Supreme Court decision —Anon Legal studies … sharpen, indeed, but like a grinding stone narrow whilst they sharpen —Samuel Taylor Coleridge Liked law because it was a system like a jigsaw puzzle, whose pieces, if you studied them long enough, all fell into place —Will Weaver The science of legislation is like that of medicine in one respect, that it is far more easy to point out what will do harm than what will do good —Charles Caleb Colton Suits at court are like winter nights, long and wearisome —Thomas Deloney To try a case twice is like eating yesterday morning’s oatmeal —Lloyd Paul Stryker


Violations of the law, like viruses, are present all the time. Everybody does them. Whether or not they produce a disease, or a prosecution, is a function of the body politic —Anon quote, New York Times /Washington Talk, November 28, 1986


A rule describing certain natural observable phenomena or the relationship between effects of variable quantities. Thesaurus Antonyms Related Words Synonyms Legend: Switch to new thesaurus Noun 1. law - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order" jurisprudence impounding , impoundment , internment , poundage - placing private property in the custody of an officer of the law award , awarding - a grant made by a law court; "he criticized the awarding of compensation by the court" appointment - (law) the act of disposing of property by virtue of the power of appointment; "she allocated part of the trust to her church by appointment" remit , remitment , remission - (law) the act of remitting (especially the referral of a law case to another court) novation - (law) the replacement of one obligation by another by mutual agreement of both parties; usually the replacement of one of the original parties to a contract with the consent of the remaining party subrogation - (law) the act of substituting of one creditor for another disbarment - the act of expelling a lawyer from the practice of law chance-medley - an unpremeditated killing of a human being in self defense derogation - (law) the partial taking away of the effectiveness of a law; a partial repeal or abolition of a law; "any derogation of the common law is to be strictly construed" recission , rescission - (law) the act of rescinding; the cancellation of a contract and the return of the parties to the positions they would have had if the contract had not been made; "recission may be brought about by decree or by mutual consent" abatement of a nuisance , nuisance abatement - (law) the removal or termination or destruction of something that has been found to be a nuisance production - (law) the act of exhibiting in a court of law; "the appellate court demanded the production of all documents" practice of law , law - the learned profession that is mastered by graduate study in a law school and that is responsible for the judicial system; "he studied law at Yale" law practice - the practice of law civil wrong , tort - (law) any wrongdoing for which an action for damages may be brought juvenile delinquency , delinquency - an antisocial misdeed in violation of the law by a minor comparative negligence - (law) negligence allocated between the plaintiff and the defendant with a corresponding reduction in damages paid to the plaintiff concurrent negligence - (law) negligence of two of more persons acting independently; the plaintiff may sue both together or separately contributory negligence - (law) behavior by the plaintiff that contributes to the harm resulting from the defendant's negligence; "in common law any degree of contributory negligence would bar the plaintiff from collecting damages" criminal negligence , culpable negligence - (law) recklessly acting without reasonable caution and putting another person at risk of injury or death (or failing to do something with the same consequences) neglect of duty - (law) breach of a duty barratry - the offense of vexatiously persisting in inciting lawsuits and quarrels champerty - an unethical agreement between an attorney and client that the attorney would sue and pay the costs of the client's suit in return for a portion of the damages awarded; "soliciting personal injury cases may constitute champerty" criminal maintenance , maintenance - the unauthorized interference in a legal action by a person having no interest in it (as by helping one party with money or otherwise to continue the action) so as to obstruct justice or promote unnecessary litigation or unsettle the peace of the community; "unlike champerty, criminal maintenance does not necessarily involve personal profit" false pretence , false pretense - (law) an offense involving intent to defraud and false representation and obtaining property as a result of that misrepresentation resisting arrest - physical efforts to oppose a lawful arrest; the resistance is classified as assault and battery upon the person of the police officer attempting to make the arrest sedition - an illegal action inciting resistance to lawful authority and tending to cause the disruption or overthrow of the government sex crime , sex offense , sexual abuse , sexual assault - a statutory offense that provides that it is a crime to knowingly cause another person to engage in an unwanted sexual act by force or threat; "most states have replaced the common law definition of rape with statutes defining sexual assault" kidnapping , snatch - (law) the unlawful act of capturing and carrying away a person against their will and holding them in false imprisonment actual possession - (law) immediate and direct physical control over property constructive possession - (law) having the power and intention to have and control property but without direct control or actual presence upon it criminal possession - (law) possession for which criminal sanctions are provided because the property may not lawfully be possessed or may not be possessed under certain circumstances intervention - (law) a proceeding that permits a person to enter into a lawsuit already in progress; admission of person not an original party to the suit so that person can protect some right or interest that is allegedly affected by the proceedings; "the purpose of intervention is to prevent unnecessary duplication of lawsuits" 2. law - legal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity; "there is a law against kidnapping" legal document , legal instrument , official document , instrument - (law) a document that states some contractual relationship or grants some right anti-drug law - a law forbidding the sale or use of narcotic drugs anti-racketeering law , Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act , RICO , RICO Act - law intended to eradicate organized crime by establishing strong sanctions and forfeiture provisions antitrust law , antitrust legislation - law intended to promote free competition in the market place by outlawing monopolies statute of limitations - a statute prescribing the time period during which legal action can be taken constitution , fundamental law , organic law - law determining the fundamental political principles of a government public law - a law affecting the public at large blue law - a statute regulating work on Sundays blue sky law - a state law regulating the sale of securities in an attempt to control the sale of securities in fraudulent enterprises gag law - any law that limits freedom of the press homestead law - a law conferring privileges on owners of homesteads poor law - a law providing support for the poor Riot Act - a former English law requiring mobs to disperse after a magistrate reads the law to them prohibition - a law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages; "in 1920 the 18th amendment to the Constitution established prohibition in the US" law , jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order" 3. law - a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society natural law concept , conception , construct - an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances divine law - a law that is believed to come directly from God principle - a basic truth or law or assumption; "the principles of democracy" sound law - a law describing sound changes in the history of a language 4. law - a generalization that describes recurring facts or events in nature; "the laws of thermodynamics" law of nature concept , conception , construct - an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances all-or-none law - (neurophysiology) a nerve impulse resulting from a weak stimulus is just as strong as a nerve impulse resulting from a strong stimulus principle , rule - a rule or law concerning a natural phenomenon or the function of a complex system; "the principle of the conservation of mass"; "the principle of jet propulsion"; "the right-hand rule for inductive fields" Archimedes' principle , law of Archimedes - (hydrostatics) the apparent loss in weight of a body immersed in a fluid is equal to the weight of the displaced fluid Avogadro's hypothesis , Avogadro's law - the principle that equal volumes of all gases (given the same temperature and pressure) contain equal numbers of molecules Bernoulli's law , law of large numbers - (statistics) law stating that a large number of items taken at random from a population will (on the average) have the population statistics Benford's law - a law used by auditors to identify fictitious populations of numbers; applies to any population of numbers derived from other numbers; "Benford's law holds that 30% of the time the first non-zero digit of a derived number will be 1 and it will be 9 only 4.

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European Commission The European Commission at work Applying EU law Complaints Making a complaint Multiple complaints

Enquiries and complaints about application of Union law

If you are a national of a Member State of the European Union, or if you live in one of the Member States, or if you run a business in the European Union, Union law gives you a number of rights

If you would like to know more, you can:

Ask a question about the EU (Europe Direct) Find out more about your EU rights when moving around in the EU (Your Europe) Ask a question about your rights in a situation you are facing in the EU (Your Europe Advice)

If you feel that your rights under Union law have not been respected by the national authorities of a Member State, you should first of all take up the matter with national bodies or authorities. This will often be the quickest and most effective way to resolve the issue.

Available means of redress at national level

As stated in the Treaties, the public authorities and Member States' courts have the main responsibility for the application of Union law.

Therefore, it is in your interest to make use of all possible means of redress at national level (administrative and/or out-of-court mediation mechanisms).

Depending on the system of each Member State, you may also submit your file to the national ombudsmen or regional ombudsmen .

Or you can bring your matter to the court of the Member State where the problem occurred. Find out more about national judicial systems or going to court. If solving your problem requires the annulment of a national decision, be aware that only national courts can annul it. If you are seeking compensation for damage, only national courts have the power, where appropriate, to order national authorities to compensate individuals for losses they have suffered due to a breach of Union law.

Other problem-solving instruments

Alternatively, you may wish to:

contact SOLVIT- SOLVIT is a service provided by the national administration, which deals with cross-border problems related to the misapplication of Union law by national public administrations in the Internal Market. There is a SOLVIT centre in every EU country, as well as in Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. Your Member State will try to solve the problem with the other Member State concerned. Going through SOLVIT might take less time than making a formal complaint to the European Commission and can solve your individual problem. If a problem goes unresolved, or you consider that the proposed solution is unacceptable, you can still pursue legal action through a national court or lodge a formal complaint with the European Commission. Please be aware that addressing the issue to SOLVIT does not suspend time limits before national courts.

Submit your problem to SOLVIT

contact European Consumer Centres – there is a Europe-wide network of consumer centres, which cooperate to help settle disputes between consumers and traders based in different EU countries, as well as in Norway and Iceland.

Submit your problem to European Consumer Centres

contact FIN-Net – which is a network for resolving financial disputes out of court in EU countries, as well as in Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. They are responsible for handling disputes between consumers and financial services providers.

Submit your problem to FIN-Net

Available actions at EU Level

Although you will usually be able to enforce your rights better in the country where you live, the European Union may also be able to help you:

The Committee on Petitions of the European Parliament

You have the right ( Article 227 TFEU ) to submit a petition to the European Parliament about the application of Union law. You may submit your petition by post or online via the European Parliament's website . You can find out more about petitions to the European Parliament on the EU citizenship and free movement website .

The European Commission

You can contact the European Commission about any measure (law, regulation or administrative action), absence of measure or practice by a Member State that you think is against Union law.

The European Commission can only take up your complaint if it is about a breach of Union law by authorities in an EU Member State. If your complaint is about the action of a private individual or body (unless you can show that national authorities are somehow involved), you have to try to solve it at the national level (courts or other ways of settling disputes). The European Commission cannot follow up matters that only involve private individuals or bodies, and that do not involve public authorities.

If you are not an expert in Union law, you may find it difficult to find out exactly which Union law you think has been breached. You can get advice quickly and informally from the Your Europe Advice service, in your own language.

The European Ombudsman

If you consider that the European Commission has not dealt with your request properly, you may contact the European Ombudsman ( Articles 24 and 228 TFEU ).

Last update: 23/11/2016 | Top